Lead and Leave

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As I sway beside the inner swamp,

I see the unseen,

Hear the unheard,

A cloud burst upon me,

made me wet to the soul,

So cold I felt, like a mountain breeze,

felt the intent intently,

Discarded like an old cloth,

Away from all it’s austere,

Shielded by the banner of passion,

I thrust myself apart,

Felt into two,

One unable to leave and one unable to lead.

-Akanksha Khanna

Amrita Shergill-The Woman who Inspired many

Amrita Shergill

A women who inspired a lot many female artists to have a faith in their own thought was Amrita Shergil. She paved the way of difference. She died at very young age but left us with a treat of work to eye upon and pounder about. She believed in the fact that an artwork no matter how wonderfully copied would always be inferior to original. The process of art is imagination and if we merely copy then we just limit our thought process. Her works talk about the life and event in a women’s book.

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Bride’s toilet,1937

The ‘Bride’s toilet’ , a work that talks about a wedding ritual, where the women is getting ready for her marriage. The colors used are vibrant and gay, the forms are static grave, they have a stillness about them.

 

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Hill women.1938

‘Hill women’ an artwork where the faces of the women are grave, she focused the poor people in India. She was attracted to the elements of sadness melancholy in their thoughts that reflects on their faces. A typical style was created with triangular static faces, brooding deep eyes and seems as though withdrawn mentally.

 

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Brahmacharis

In the work ‘Brahmacharis’ where she tells the tale of said life of boys who are forced to follow an austere life.

While she was aboard she use to paint women nude, lost in weary forests, wandering into unknown places. While in India her idealization changes where she concentrated on a deeper level of thinking. She drove a supervising sense of vitality and newness.

-Akanksha Khanna

Strange Land

The James's Flamingo (Phoenicopterus jamesi), also known as the Puna Flamingo, is a South American flamingo, named for Harry Berkeley James. It breeds on the high Andean plateaus of Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina. It is related to the Andean Flamingo, and the two are often placed in the genus Phoenicoparrus. It is a small and delicate flamingo, approximately 3 feet in height. Its plumage is pale pink, with bright carmine streaks around the neck and on the back. When perched a small amount of black can be seen in the wings. There is bright red skin around the eye. The legs are brick-red and the bill is bright yellow with a black tip. Immature birds are greyish. James's Flamingo is similar to other South American flamingoes, but the Chilean Flamingo is pinker, with a longer bill without yellow, and the Andean Flamingo is larger with more black in the wings and bill, and yellow legs.

Being touched upon the sky,
Thunder bursts the waves of sublime,
Leading paths into strange lands,
Of subverted norms and endless wants,
Desires that fills over loading cups,
Of eternity and thud,
Love and thirst,
Of which one springs into the depths,
Raging the endless wars of stagnant chores,
Stop! the world stops with us,
Here we go to the peace , Alas!!
As we sit and ponder,
When all around you are screaming;
About the things they have done
Sitting and chattering,
Clattering
And shattering,
Banging and slanging,
Reeling, walking, sitting and sleeping
Down the alley as they go up the block,
Still chattering and battering as everything
Around me freezes,
And still I sit and slouch on the road of hope
Struggling in the ways of sloppy mane.

-Akanksha Khanna

 

Skies

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Grey skies and black hearts,

scornful sighs and fretful laughs.

These are the sights of an enduring heart,

lost in the epoch ,

he’s of mirth and tar!!

he’s of mirth and tar!!!!

-Akanksha Khanna

Aristotle Theory on Art

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Aristotle considered imitation as the primary method of learning since childhood. He attributed the origin of art to the human affinity for imitation. He concluded that it is natural for humans to take delight in the works of imitation.The manner in which the object is presented is the final way to evaluate art. Aristotle’s theory on art examines art as a production of science. The quality of the object produced determines the merit of the art. The message of the artist may be absent or unclear, but if the object itself is a nearly perfect imitation, it could be considered a wonderful piece of art.

According to Aristotle, tragedy is an imitation/ representation using medium, object and manner, where pity and tremor are the proper strong emotions natural of a tragedy- plot, characters, diction, reasoning, spectacle and song; plot is the most important.He claims that one who focuses on the world are not realistic, but idealistic because the world is an illusion. The poet gives an access to reality. History only gives access to the surface of the world. This means history and historians deal with what happened in the particular times. While a direct access to the universal truths. A poet is a composer of a plot.

Aristotle ignores all conceptions of an absolute beauty and at the same time seeks to distinguish the beautiful from the good. He seeks in the meta physics to distinguish the god from the beautiful, the good is always in action. He beautiful however may exist in motionless things as well. He also says that good under certain conditions can be called beautiful.

He handles the mimesis theory in is own words. According to him beauty is enjoyed with eyes so it cannot be related to goodness to truth or to utility. Beauty can be movable or stable and goodness arises from action which is always moving.

He could trace the beginning or the origin of art when there was no civilisation; civilizations arrived with art. The earliest mode of civilizations start from Greece and Rome. According to him the objective world an idea and matter are together. He further says a person should be guided by intellect in his creativity or otherwise it is useless. He destroys the soul in order to give it immortality. The immortal soul is pure thought; the form of art is an imitation of reality.

-Akanksha Khanna

Plato and the “Theory of Imitation”

 

 

 

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PLATO 

Plato was a greek philosopher. He had a love and hate relationship with art. He gave the expression “Theory of Imitation”. He describes the art of painting as an imitation of appearance.The imitation has to have such similitude that many mistake the copy for the real thing. Nature is like the real precious stone and art is an imitation. Imitative art does not merely mean copying of exterior and interior object of art in nature.

 Beauty according to Plato

He considered universal god to be absolute beauty. All beautiful things of life are god. Absolute beauty cannot be perceived in one ordinary experience. One has to go through spiritual path to attain vision of transcendent beauty, physical absolute and spiritual beauty is truth and beauty is goodness. Truth beauty and goodness are eternal trios.

About the nature, he says – in every beautiful object two things are present

The sensible phenomenon, the idea which it embodies, which underlies the form. One is individual and concrete and the other is general and abstract. The former is visible and transcend and the latter is invisible and transcend and latter is invisible and permanent. Beauty is always at the centre of the universe.

Beauty has two aspects

Phenomenal (physical)

Idea (mental)

 

Physical beauty is in harmony, balanced utility, purity in lives and colours. Beauty must lead to eternal beauty at work. But that play is activity for its own sake or move properly it in purposeless activity, striving towards no goal. He connects children’s games with love of festivals and ceremony, which he regards as another set of human play into which higher aesthetics feelings enter.

Plato also accept two forms of the world.

Immovable and Movable, which includes physical world and the other world in the mental world.

Knowledge is also of 3 types:

Ideal knowledge– A person can experience the world through ideas or the conscious world.

Sensory– This type of knowledge is gained by the sensory world, it cannot help to reach the truth or reality, it can be used as a medium for the knowledge.

Ideas-The knowledge that is gained through ideas from the ideas and experience of others

The sensory knowledge or the knowledge gained through the sense organs is just an illusion. The ultimate aim of human life is to get the supreme conscious element. Painting just imitates, the apparent truth which does not help in anyway. The art of a carpenter, blacksmith is better to treasure, they produce things useful for life. The painter acts like a mirror and reflects what is in there, it does not fulfil any useful purpose.

Plato say further that art is a trick of imitation of putting down the mind from the luminous rational intuition to the shadow region of sense and resemblance. If an artist makes his own painting out of his own inspiration, then it isn’t imitation.

-Akanksha Khanna

Six Qualities of a Filmaker

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                                                                                    Six Qualities a filmmaker:

A director is like a sailor’s compass, if the director is not correct your ship may land up on some Strange Island. That makes the role of a director very important because he guides and gives the team mates the   direction to reach the right destination.  He is the centre of the film process, he must inherit these qualities to be able to make the best film possible.

Passion:

You need to be very focused and passionate towards your work. There are times when you feel disappointed or may be things seems not going the way you want them to go ,but in that case your conviction and the force inside you motivates you and keep you moving forward.

Creativity:

As cinema is growing its audience is also growing with it. Every time a filmmaker makes a film people demands to watch something new. It’s a responsibility on a filmmaker to give something new, unwatched or maybe the same thing but with a different approach. So, a filmmaker needs to be very creative in making a film more interesting and unique.

Communication or management:

A film has many sections or departments and as a director you need to handle every department deeply and manage your time so that you can focus on everything. A proper communication is required with your cre , so that they can properly understand your vision and hence act accordingly to help you achieve it. Always make your crew feel very comfortable working with you and should open to all kind of suggestions from them.

 Patience:

This is the biggest tool of a filmmaker to remain calm and patient. Sometimes you find chaos on sets. May be the time is running and actors are not ready yet for the shot, maybe you cast a non actor and finding difficulty working with him because he is talking infinite takes and is unable to  deliver a simple dialogue or may be some end moment production requirement which you have not thought of before. There can be many unwanted situations, which arise while shooting and if you take stress of everything you find yourself yelling at everyone everywhere on your set. To save yourself from this type of situation you should do your pre production very well and let your associate handles all the issues arises. Remain in your creative zone and just focus on to achieve your vision.

 Clarity:

Being filmmaker clarity is also a very important part of your vision. Every person involved in the project wants clarity from their director. A director should be very clear what he wants in terms of Acting, Production design, Costume, Look of the film and everything else. The clearer you are the more you are able to achieve your vision.

 Vision:

Vision is what a filmmaker wants to achieve in the end of the film process. While writing or reading a script first time a director imagines the written content in his own way and sets a vision in terms of look, acting, music, cinematography and so on. That vision is the path on which the director takes his team as a leader to reach their destination. Clarity in the vision is very necessary as I mentioned above.

 

 

 

 

Bale

 

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As my heart speaks,
it speaks of the truth,
the sadness and love contained;
I don’t wanna go,
I don’t wanna show, fake glitter mirrors
the ways of mean,

Snakes so poisonous and so are we,
With tongues so long,
That could reach the knee,
Listening to the sounds,
Of everyday sight,
Sad n dull but it seems so bright;

I have no purpose but a deal to fulfil,
Passion that sparkles the sadness of the sight,

As we walk upon the edge
Sharpness fills the mighty dark.
Lust and passion seek a purpose to fulfil,
The sadness of the history engraved in the past
Seek a seeker to fulfil the destiny of the past
To make a name
Aboard the lasting milestone,
Stones are rich and hard to break
And so is the heart filled with sadness and bale.

-Akanksha khanna

Acts to Play

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Acts to Play

This world that seems so brightly upright,

is actually upside down, breathing a ranging storm.

With its strings attached to the ground,

With fumbling players, acts to play.

The heart that seem so vividly alive,

is untamed, unclear and wild,

With rain drop falling like spears.

To the old soul which stops to listen,

The tales of the unsaid mysteries of the heaven,

As we render to the most unwanted sphere,

We blush like faded clangs of fear.

Fear is sad and holds us firm,

The fear of losing that, which was never there,

And here I die in despair.

Do not listen to the aches of the faking pride,

Which blisters our bodies with materialistic strides.

As their lies a whole in the depth of our soul,

Listen to the breeze that freely flows, that freely flows,

that freely flows!!

-Akanksha Khanna

Luncheon On Grass – Edouard Manet

 

 

Luncheon On Grass

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Edouard Manet, Luncheon on Grass,1863

 

The painting of Edouard Manet influenced the impressionists and his treatment of the modern subject matter inspired many. He observed the connection between form and subject, content  and matter had undergone a constitutional change. Form had the equal status with the subject matter. The power of the form had surpassed to such an extent that it was an end in itself. An aesthetic revolution was in the making, one that would change the way art was judged. The concept of beauty was thus challenged, in regard to the subject matter.

Manet was controversial for both his subject matter and his the way he executed his painting,the painterly aspect. He was thus marred by the conservative critics, for they declared his subject matter lacked morals and a defined plot. The critics brashly commented on his painterly style, which they said ‘lacked power’ and was ‘impotent’.

Manet did not seek the controversy .He wanted to “Be Famous and Earn Money” according to what degas stated. He wanted to be accepted by French academy. His work the Spanish guitar player was accepted by the salon and he was awarded an honourable mention by the jury.

His work the “Luncheon on the grass” (dejeuner sur i`herbe) drew negative criticism. This work was based upon an earlier work during renaissance, but he tried to change it using modernsubject matter. He was basically trying to aim and comment upon the truth of the society, that was hid ,under the mask of sophistication and hypocrisy .The painting was regarded as aninsult rather than homage to tradition. The Renaissance master Titian had painted with asimilar approach, where he showed two nude nymphs in a pastoral setting along with twoclothed men playing musical instrument .But, the two female figures were symbolic of
mythological figures and the painting ‘Fete Champetre’ was a poetic allegory. But, what Manet had created was threatening .It give a clear glimpse what the modern life was offering.

Nudity in public space was the bitter everyday reality of the poor. Social change and acute poverty, made the poor class beautiful women as an object of pleasure at the hands of the bourgeois. Not only the world of prostitution but also the Cabre shows where nudity was exposed on the stage. His paintings provoked a reaction from the French bourgeois, who were the target of his criticism. The display of nudity in the world of art was not a new thing, but his paintings were not displayed. His paintings betray the idea of realism, it more of critically judging the action of the bourgeois. In 19th century the realist painter depicted the sour lives of the poor; they wanted to show what they believed the truth of reality was. Reality meant the social reality.

The time in which ‘Luncheon on grass’ was exhibited when nude was acceptable only in high stylised forms and was of divine subject matter. Due to rapid development and expansion in France then, which gave rise to the emerging middle class .They basically wanted to capture the changes that happening in France due to rapid industrialisation. The city was rebuilt which gave a chance to the artist to explore and to capture beauty.

The painting was composed in a way that two fully clad men in modern middle class dress while the two women, one in the front who catches the most attention is fully nude. She is recognised as a contemporary figure, sitting stark naked with the two men and suggests a picnic scene. The woman was staring at the viewer, which suggests her bold attitude that was
certainly unknown of women, at that time. It was like the truth was there in front of everyone’s eyes. The critics pronounced that the ‘Luncheon on Grass‘ was immodest, vulgar, indecent and immoral. The modern artists were embracing the radical changes in the society and were showcasing it in their works.

Representation in the process of truth seeking is never a representation of reality, but rather a representation of ideological beliefs. It was none other than a political representation, which aimed at spreading the ideological beliefs of the socialists. Political in this case meant the, strategy for communicating thoughts, views, expression and attitudes, works the cause
“impact”. This painting hit the people in the face and forced them to meet the reality. As reality, lies deep under the thick crust of sophistication.

-Akanksha Khanna