In Conversation with Swami Parswarupanand, The Chairman of Ram Krishna Seva Sadan Charitable Trust

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link to their webpage-http://ramkrishnasewasadan.org/home.htm

Swami Parswarupanand believes that Humanity is the biggest religion, it is the final estimation, that concludes the existence of man in nature alone with all other creatures born of and by the Holy Mother Yogmaya. Therefore, he dislike those people who are inhuman, in other words who have developed brutality in their hearts or you can say they are loveless. Love is all that makes a man human and existing personality of nature.

What do you want to achieve?

My master Swami Bodhanand ji, had a vision in Deoband regarding health services. He wanted to establish a hospital and a cancer research institute, for this purpose. He acquired this land of 6 acres on which some anti-social elements caused litigations, which continued from 1972 to 2005.This was a strong hindrance in the path of the project. In the mean while 1988 Swami Bodhanand ji left for the celestial abode. The vision was transferred to me, now it was not only a vision but a Sankalp. However, we won the cases and project finally started in 2005 and now it is running.

  • Homeopathic hospital
  • General clinic of Shri ram Krishna Cancer Hospital
  • Shrimati Triveni Devi Dhanuka Centre for Chemotherapy
  • Diagnostic unit for Pathology and Radiology
  • Mantha Ram Child Care and General Hospital
  • Meditation unit
  • Shri Durga Mandir
  • Shri Shiv Mandir
  • Shri Laxmi Narayan temple
  • Shri ram Krishna Gaushala
  • Project Upwan for plants
  • Samadhi Shri Bodhanand ji Maharaj, Founder of the Trust

Dr. A.D Dey M.D

Dr. V.K Mohanty M.D in radiation oncology;

Dr. Siddhartha Hora MBBS, DMB, FIPM Germany;

Dr. Manita Gauri MBBD, DLO

Dr. S Dev MBBS DNB DLO

Dr. Shiv Kumar M.D Pathology

Dr. A. K Gupta M.D Radiology

Dr. Krishna Kumar DMLT

Dr. Deepak Jain BAMS

Dr. Vineet Kumar Tyagi BAMS

Mr. Prabhat Kumar

Miss Rajni Sharma

Miss Aparna Rana

Mr. Sukpal

Mr. Ompal

Mr. Rati Ram

Mr. Lokesh Kumar

Are participating the project under the guidance of Bhagini Ashu the Vice President of the trust,Shri Arun Kanti Chakravarty Joint Secretary and all other members of the trust adding a hand to mine to progress up the project. Every year approximately 30000 new patients are treated suffering from different kind of diseases in our Institute.

What kind of challenges do you face in running this Institution?

There mainly 3 types of challenges-:

  • Financial– Financial Challenges are due to the place where our project is located. Every person before donation wants to verify, the status of the institution, the reason being as soon as Deoband is clicked on the internet the donor finds it a place of terrorism where terrorists are generated, however it is not TRUE. The other big institution in Deoband are basically Islamic institutions and throughout in the world Islam has been a symbol of Terrorism. A simple donor thinks why should he waste his money by donating in a place where such persons to being served who belong to terrorism. Thus, constant paucity of funds has blocked the incessant growth of the institution. We need a liberal thought that man everywhere is a man, and man is divine, no one can show mercy to him. The service of man is worship of god.
  • Social– Deoband is a place where 80 percent Muslims live and 20 percent all other castes. This ration has caused a social imbalance. A racial favor and propensity towards Muslim organizations. As a hospital we are to face the challenge of Islamic hospitals, this is racism and religious propensity.
  • Political– In up the government variation also effects the growth of the hospital some government favors Scheduled caste, some Muslims, some OBC, some businessmen, very rare are balanced. I cannot explain and criticize the government publically. But it is a great hindrance in the progress of our Institution.

How much funds do you need to grow this place?

For cancer hospital and research institute project the trust needs 200 crores, it is a big amount however not impossible to get collected if every member of this world donates only one rupee for this altruistic charitable cause.

-Akanksha Khanna

Amrita Shergill-The Woman who Inspired many

Amrita Shergill

A women who inspired a lot many female artists to have a faith in their own thought was Amrita Shergil. She paved the way of difference. She died at very young age but left us with a treat of work to eye upon and pounder about. She believed in the fact that an artwork no matter how wonderfully copied would always be inferior to original. The process of art is imagination and if we merely copy then we just limit our thought process. Her works talk about the life and event in a women’s book.

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Bride’s toilet,1937

The ‘Bride’s toilet’ , a work that talks about a wedding ritual, where the women is getting ready for her marriage. The colors used are vibrant and gay, the forms are static grave, they have a stillness about them.

 

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Hill women.1938

‘Hill women’ an artwork where the faces of the women are grave, she focused the poor people in India. She was attracted to the elements of sadness melancholy in their thoughts that reflects on their faces. A typical style was created with triangular static faces, brooding deep eyes and seems as though withdrawn mentally.

 

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Brahmacharis

In the work ‘Brahmacharis’ where she tells the tale of said life of boys who are forced to follow an austere life.

While she was aboard she use to paint women nude, lost in weary forests, wandering into unknown places. While in India her idealization changes where she concentrated on a deeper level of thinking. She drove a supervising sense of vitality and newness.

-Akanksha Khanna

Aristotle Theory on Art

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Aristotle considered imitation as the primary method of learning since childhood. He attributed the origin of art to the human affinity for imitation. He concluded that it is natural for humans to take delight in the works of imitation.The manner in which the object is presented is the final way to evaluate art. Aristotle’s theory on art examines art as a production of science. The quality of the object produced determines the merit of the art. The message of the artist may be absent or unclear, but if the object itself is a nearly perfect imitation, it could be considered a wonderful piece of art.

According to Aristotle, tragedy is an imitation/ representation using medium, object and manner, where pity and tremor are the proper strong emotions natural of a tragedy- plot, characters, diction, reasoning, spectacle and song; plot is the most important.He claims that one who focuses on the world are not realistic, but idealistic because the world is an illusion. The poet gives an access to reality. History only gives access to the surface of the world. This means history and historians deal with what happened in the particular times. While a direct access to the universal truths. A poet is a composer of a plot.

Aristotle ignores all conceptions of an absolute beauty and at the same time seeks to distinguish the beautiful from the good. He seeks in the meta physics to distinguish the god from the beautiful, the good is always in action. He beautiful however may exist in motionless things as well. He also says that good under certain conditions can be called beautiful.

He handles the mimesis theory in is own words. According to him beauty is enjoyed with eyes so it cannot be related to goodness to truth or to utility. Beauty can be movable or stable and goodness arises from action which is always moving.

He could trace the beginning or the origin of art when there was no civilisation; civilizations arrived with art. The earliest mode of civilizations start from Greece and Rome. According to him the objective world an idea and matter are together. He further says a person should be guided by intellect in his creativity or otherwise it is useless. He destroys the soul in order to give it immortality. The immortal soul is pure thought; the form of art is an imitation of reality.

-Akanksha Khanna

Plato and the “Theory of Imitation”

 

 

 

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PLATO 

Plato was a greek philosopher. He had a love and hate relationship with art. He gave the expression “Theory of Imitation”. He describes the art of painting as an imitation of appearance.The imitation has to have such similitude that many mistake the copy for the real thing. Nature is like the real precious stone and art is an imitation. Imitative art does not merely mean copying of exterior and interior object of art in nature.

 Beauty according to Plato

He considered universal god to be absolute beauty. All beautiful things of life are god. Absolute beauty cannot be perceived in one ordinary experience. One has to go through spiritual path to attain vision of transcendent beauty, physical absolute and spiritual beauty is truth and beauty is goodness. Truth beauty and goodness are eternal trios.

About the nature, he says – in every beautiful object two things are present

The sensible phenomenon, the idea which it embodies, which underlies the form. One is individual and concrete and the other is general and abstract. The former is visible and transcend and the latter is invisible and transcend and latter is invisible and permanent. Beauty is always at the centre of the universe.

Beauty has two aspects

Phenomenal (physical)

Idea (mental)

 

Physical beauty is in harmony, balanced utility, purity in lives and colours. Beauty must lead to eternal beauty at work. But that play is activity for its own sake or move properly it in purposeless activity, striving towards no goal. He connects children’s games with love of festivals and ceremony, which he regards as another set of human play into which higher aesthetics feelings enter.

Plato also accept two forms of the world.

Immovable and Movable, which includes physical world and the other world in the mental world.

Knowledge is also of 3 types:

Ideal knowledge– A person can experience the world through ideas or the conscious world.

Sensory– This type of knowledge is gained by the sensory world, it cannot help to reach the truth or reality, it can be used as a medium for the knowledge.

Ideas-The knowledge that is gained through ideas from the ideas and experience of others

The sensory knowledge or the knowledge gained through the sense organs is just an illusion. The ultimate aim of human life is to get the supreme conscious element. Painting just imitates, the apparent truth which does not help in anyway. The art of a carpenter, blacksmith is better to treasure, they produce things useful for life. The painter acts like a mirror and reflects what is in there, it does not fulfil any useful purpose.

Plato say further that art is a trick of imitation of putting down the mind from the luminous rational intuition to the shadow region of sense and resemblance. If an artist makes his own painting out of his own inspiration, then it isn’t imitation.

-Akanksha Khanna

Like Most Art ; Satire, lies in the Eye of the Beholder

Satire, Like Most Art, Is In the Eye of the Beholder- Kathy Gill

 

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                                                                                               William Hogarth

Satire is a very powerful means to comment upon the socio – economic conditions present in
 the Economy of one’s country . People have subverted their grudges against the society
 through the means of humour to thus bring on an enduring change for the benefit of a
 Country .Thus to comment on the fault, corruption, crime, morality in the socio-political
 scenario prevailing then. As under the cover of humour the sting of the satire gets buried
 but at the same time hits right into the face of the satirised. Satire has always been a
 product of suppression a vent through which a common man can speak of the vices and
virtues and not in a very humorous context.

perriwig                                       William Hogarth 

 Generally drawn out in performing art, written words and graphic (illustrations).A visual has
 a more powerful impact as compared to any other form of art ,as it speaks a million words
 through just one form. Parody in art has been a way to point on the vices of another work of
 art to ridicule it. Art practitioners have found irony a method to bring about a change or
 prevent a change from happening.
 
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                                       William Hogarth 
 In a more contemporary aspect artists have a made statements about this in their works of 
How shallow people have become, the immensity of globalisation, cosmetic products, 
the caste system ,child labour, film stars, inequality ,bureaucrats ,corruption, dowry ,
business executives and migration.

-Akanksha Khanna

 

Women

The Indian traditions and concepts in the ancient time gave women enough power and space. They perceived woman and men at the same parameter. Women apart from biological differences have an equal status to that of a man.

The best example is that of ‘Ardhnarishvara’ that is the Shiva –Shakti swarupa, another form of lord Shiva that is based on the concept of the amalgamation of two energies in the universe, into a single entity. It is thus a powerful union. It sheds light on the presence of both masculine and female power in a human being.

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                                                                                       Ardhnarishvara

A great deal of respect was given to the female in the context of their power to endure pain and suffering with grace. Female form, from being the caretaker, gives birth and played the role of a mother who is selfless and has unconditional love for her children. This power of bearing pain was in turn taken as a symbol of weakness by men who were physically stronger.

The changing concept of male dominating society was introduced in India by the incoming of the British. The British considered the habits of Indian men effeminate. The originality was washed out; they created their own concepts of manhood which had a crazy drive to gain power and Industrialize. Their concepts of an ideal man dealt with one being Heroic, the provider, tough and rough.

Indian men were looked down upon by the British and were considered incapable of ruling as they were weak. They considered Dhoti as a disgrace and transformed the sensitive Indian man to that of a Baboo who defined masculinity on the basic of suppressing and tormenting women. Demonstrating, them their powerless on the steps of biological differences. In time women were subjected to violence, abused and taken advantage of.

During the colonial period the art movements like Kalighat Painting were basically a mockery on the society. They tried to mirror the changes. A satire, on the culture of Babus and Dandi’s, the men had lost a grip on their character and had become dishonest; they wooed courtesans and were hollow.

The main theme of the painting was to mock the Babus, women were shown with broom in their hands beating up their husbands, who had become fickle. A cat was shown with a lobster in its mouth and a rosary around its neck, to show the double faced generation. The themes of god, goddesses and popular events were taken up by the artist. News and day to day events were pictured by them.

There rose a generation of boneless men and the concepts of an ideal Nagrik (Civilian in a society) which were written in the book ‘Kamasutra’ by Vatsayana in the third century B.C, was wiped out. The British distorted the concepts of free Indian Society and restricted and limited it. Women were regarded as an object of pleasure.We should not forget the spirit of bravery shown by Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi, who fought the British to protect her Kingdom and struggled for the throne that her son was supposed to decent upon. Women in time have revolted against the suppression.

With the incoming of the nineteenth century women hailed a cry of freedom. There were revolts and reforms to abolish Purdha system, Child Marriage, Polygamy, Sati and to start Widow Remarriage. Schools were specially set up for women, which further initiated class system, where in women from the higher classes went to learn fine habits and be refined and develop themselves intellectually. Women who were educated understood the vital need for a woman to know their rights, so that they can stand up to injustice. The concept of feminism was introduced and revived.

Women in India took active participation in the reforms and Swadeshi Boycott movements, where they wore handmade cloth and they quit the western attire. They took part in demonstrations and Dandi march, the quest to make salt from sea water. Women raised their voices against the emptiness of the domination male society.

Women in the twentieth century strived for more than just their rights which they had since birth. They voiced their own rights to control their own life. Sarojini Naidu said “The hand that moves the cradle is the hand that moulds the world.”

Women education was initiated with the idea that an educated woman will further educate her children. The spirits of bearing hardships and suffering which is a genuine part of a mother was thought upon by Gandhi ji and adopted by him in his struggle for freedom of his nation. The system of non-violence is a tough state to achieve. It is hard to say a million words through silence.

The art practised by the women to mirror the society. Art colleges were set up in Calcutta, Mumbai, Delhi, Lucknow, Madras which further gave women fair charge to prove themselves in the field of art.

The Picture Globally

In the global context, the image of women sitting back home cooking and knitting was changed due to the          World War –II. Where basically many American soldiers were slayed fighting for their country, leaving their family behind to be driven by single mothers who had to work to support their family. Women stepped out and earned a name for themselves. This effected the society and the way of life drastically and enveloped the whole world at a very fast pace. The system of take away started which gave rise to art movements like Pop Art. Women have made a difference and left an impact on the society.

From politics to sports to administration, women in the contemporary society have a sense to comment and a deeper vision to empathize with the situations of enduring. Women have put a voice to the screams of the million others who were beaten down and left to suffer in pain. Due to the active participation of women in the field has helped the world to see the dual aspect of a coin and to level the judgement through the eyes of a woman.