Else forget about artists of all sorts and revolutions of all kinds.

Art comes from the pure state of consciousness,

that inspires and grows into beauty,

which again is not absolute.

Like Most Art ; Satire, lies in the Eye of the Beholder

Satire, Like Most Art, Is In the Eye of the Beholder- Kathy Gill



                                                                                               William Hogarth

Satire is a very powerful means to comment upon the socio – economic conditions present in
 the Economy of one’s country . People have subverted their grudges against the society
 through the means of humour to thus bring on an enduring change for the benefit of a
 Country .Thus to comment on the fault, corruption, crime, morality in the socio-political
 scenario prevailing then. As under the cover of humour the sting of the satire gets buried
 but at the same time hits right into the face of the satirised. Satire has always been a
 product of suppression a vent through which a common man can speak of the vices and
virtues and not in a very humorous context.

perriwig                                       William Hogarth 

 Generally drawn out in performing art, written words and graphic (illustrations).A visual has
 a more powerful impact as compared to any other form of art ,as it speaks a million words
 through just one form. Parody in art has been a way to point on the vices of another work of
 art to ridicule it. Art practitioners have found irony a method to bring about a change or
 prevent a change from happening.
                                       William Hogarth 
 In a more contemporary aspect artists have a made statements about this in their works of 
How shallow people have become, the immensity of globalisation, cosmetic products, 
the caste system ,child labour, film stars, inequality ,bureaucrats ,corruption, dowry ,
business executives and migration.

-Akanksha Khanna



The Indian traditions and concepts in the ancient time gave women enough power and space. They perceived woman and men at the same parameter. Women apart from biological differences have an equal status to that of a man.

The best example is that of ‘Ardhnarishvara’ that is the Shiva –Shakti swarupa, another form of lord Shiva that is based on the concept of the amalgamation of two energies in the universe, into a single entity. It is thus a powerful union. It sheds light on the presence of both masculine and female power in a human being.



A great deal of respect was given to the female in the context of their power to endure pain and suffering with grace. Female form, from being the caretaker, gives birth and played the role of a mother who is selfless and has unconditional love for her children. This power of bearing pain was in turn taken as a symbol of weakness by men who were physically stronger.

The changing concept of male dominating society was introduced in India by the incoming of the British. The British considered the habits of Indian men effeminate. The originality was washed out; they created their own concepts of manhood which had a crazy drive to gain power and Industrialize. Their concepts of an ideal man dealt with one being Heroic, the provider, tough and rough.

Indian men were looked down upon by the British and were considered incapable of ruling as they were weak. They considered Dhoti as a disgrace and transformed the sensitive Indian man to that of a Baboo who defined masculinity on the basic of suppressing and tormenting women. Demonstrating, them their powerless on the steps of biological differences. In time women were subjected to violence, abused and taken advantage of.

During the colonial period the art movements like Kalighat Painting were basically a mockery on the society. They tried to mirror the changes. A satire, on the culture of Babus and Dandi’s, the men had lost a grip on their character and had become dishonest; they wooed courtesans and were hollow.

The main theme of the painting was to mock the Babus, women were shown with broom in their hands beating up their husbands, who had become fickle. A cat was shown with a lobster in its mouth and a rosary around its neck, to show the double faced generation. The themes of god, goddesses and popular events were taken up by the artist. News and day to day events were pictured by them.

There rose a generation of boneless men and the concepts of an ideal Nagrik (Civilian in a society) which were written in the book ‘Kamasutra’ by Vatsayana in the third century B.C, was wiped out. The British distorted the concepts of free Indian Society and restricted and limited it. Women were regarded as an object of pleasure.We should not forget the spirit of bravery shown by Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi, who fought the British to protect her Kingdom and struggled for the throne that her son was supposed to decent upon. Women in time have revolted against the suppression.

With the incoming of the nineteenth century women hailed a cry of freedom. There were revolts and reforms to abolish Purdha system, Child Marriage, Polygamy, Sati and to start Widow Remarriage. Schools were specially set up for women, which further initiated class system, where in women from the higher classes went to learn fine habits and be refined and develop themselves intellectually. Women who were educated understood the vital need for a woman to know their rights, so that they can stand up to injustice. The concept of feminism was introduced and revived.

Women in India took active participation in the reforms and Swadeshi Boycott movements, where they wore handmade cloth and they quit the western attire. They took part in demonstrations and Dandi march, the quest to make salt from sea water. Women raised their voices against the emptiness of the domination male society.

Women in the twentieth century strived for more than just their rights which they had since birth. They voiced their own rights to control their own life. Sarojini Naidu said “The hand that moves the cradle is the hand that moulds the world.”

Women education was initiated with the idea that an educated woman will further educate her children. The spirits of bearing hardships and suffering which is a genuine part of a mother was thought upon by Gandhi ji and adopted by him in his struggle for freedom of his nation. The system of non-violence is a tough state to achieve. It is hard to say a million words through silence.

The art practised by the women to mirror the society. Art colleges were set up in Calcutta, Mumbai, Delhi, Lucknow, Madras which further gave women fair charge to prove themselves in the field of art.

The Picture Globally

In the global context, the image of women sitting back home cooking and knitting was changed due to the          World War –II. Where basically many American soldiers were slayed fighting for their country, leaving their family behind to be driven by single mothers who had to work to support their family. Women stepped out and earned a name for themselves. This effected the society and the way of life drastically and enveloped the whole world at a very fast pace. The system of take away started which gave rise to art movements like Pop Art. Women have made a difference and left an impact on the society.

From politics to sports to administration, women in the contemporary society have a sense to comment and a deeper vision to empathize with the situations of enduring. Women have put a voice to the screams of the million others who were beaten down and left to suffer in pain. Due to the active participation of women in the field has helped the world to see the dual aspect of a coin and to level the judgement through the eyes of a woman.

All The World`s A Stage

All the world`s a stage, and all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and entrances, and one man in his time plays many parts.- William Shakespeare

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The above extract has been taken from the play “As you like it” by the literary genius William Shakespeare. These lines have inspired those who have a way of looking, at life’s deeper meaning. It wistfully engages many to ponder, that this world is merely a stage and our life, as an ongoing series of acts. The works I create, deal with the mundane and daily life. Where I try to question myself and thus, evolve as a being.
I therefore, empathize to this fact, that this so called Real World(material World), where everything’s buzzing in this space, with thousands of people in different chaotic situations, is eventually surreal ,it is actually a performing stage, where everyone has an important role to play , a role to enact, a situation to deal with.
In the end this purely leaves me thinking, we are fitted perfectly in stereotyped situations, where we behave like puppets, thus follow a kind of social order (the behavior that we can call ourselves civilized) and then the feeling of satisfaction engulfs us, at a point where we are able to live up to the expectations of our society. I like to touch upon and comment on those aspects of our society where the human value has gone down, reduced to the size of rubbish i.e. use and throw. (Thus, emotions and people are being used and things which are basically made to be used are being preserved). This gives way to a very materialistic approach, which adds to those events that degenerate our society. By adapting and keeping standards of materialistic objects, our generation has become, plastic. Thus, being subjugated, to be a part of a herd and which moves in the same direction, with the fear of rejection.
Everyone who enters our life is there to teach us something, in a way to unfold new dimensions within us. We, at one point need to realize that we act; we fall, at the hands of those peculiar norms that are created for us, to make us feel liberated and free. Life is a manifestation of purely ourselves, we create; we degenerate. Thus, we fall; we rise.
Is it, not plastic to act like puppets, at the hands of few who set the trends? The impact of social media (Television, films, advertisements etc.) is far reaching; it is drastically encompassing our country. This is giving way, to certain norms and rules which our generation is following like a herd. Not knowing, where they are heading exactly like those oysters in the poem, ‘Walrus and the Carpenter’, by Lewis Carroll.

In the end I would like to conclude,” I am not this hair, I am not this skin; I am the soul that lives within. –Rumi.

Pool Of Wants

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The eerie roots of past, with the present full struggles to fight for an explicit future, is a precise and generalized definition for our generation. The ‘future’ rather evidently is perceived with a dignified sense of hope. That fades memoirs of past artificially.

The issues of chaos, overcrowded, generalized and over populated society we are battering in. The battle therefore lies for inner peace, while the world goes topsyturvy. The rather grave situation (of peace) leaves us with a question which marks “Silence” as an end to all the problems.

The world is a never ending pool of wants. This life is a circle of perpetual desires; be it physical, mental, material or pleasure, the intellect lies in the preference. The abuse nature bears at the costs of the priorities of man own needs are the issues that need to be dealt with.

The illude fragrances of material, however charming they may seem is the cause of societies own degeneration. The need of man to be a social animal swirls the life with relationships and social organizations. That restraints the state of peace and solitary.

Akanksha Khanna

Art And Society Part II

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Often artists and art practitioners, through their subconscious have indulged in picture making

which has amazed the world . Surrealist the group of artist, who have tried to go in deep
into their subconscious ,and come face to face with their inner realities. Every epoch in art
has had a meaning behind it, thus a purpose to solve .

Art has always been used to popularize and propagate religion in older times .With the urge
to share and connect cave men painted and drew in order to build a relationship and for
conveying their message to the others. The cave painting gives a feeling of mystery and has
been a source of puzzle for many years. What they wanted to speak out is still unsure, maybe as
a way to document and record .Art was always an inevitable part of a society and culture. People
have produced art not only for the mere pleasure of senses, but as a matter of utility and a source
todocument. To speak out in coded language through symbols. In prehistoric time art was
produced with such unimaginable techniques .People with skill used to make these idols of
deities and helping the people to connect to lord in a more convenient way. An idol is a
symbolic form of the deity, hence a belief that we are close to god .Art has always been a mirror
to the society, a way of always reflecting the time and its needs .

If we view the world history, then we will realize an art practice that was developing in one
part of the world, was being subconsciously pursed in other part as well. This makes
us think on one factor that some where everyone is being connected through one universal
mind and then theory of Hegel comes into effect where he goes on to say that ”Mind is
inherently universal, but in its limited form ,as the minds of particular people do not see
themselves as all part of the one universal mind. Hegel describes this as a situation in which
mind alienated from itself – that is ,people (who are manifestations of mind )take other
people (who are also manifestations mind )as something foreign ,hostile and external to
themselves, whereas they are infarct all part of the same great whole.”[{Marx, a short
introduction} oxford]. This further leads us to think, that a common line can be drawn in
connecting the thoughts of human all over the world. It is like an unrealized part of us.

The simplicity, of art, further strengthen the fact how people used to make objects of utility
and everyday ritual purposes that is coined as art today .How art as a part of daily life is
being studied over a span of thousands of years. The Chinese and Japanese culture and over
many years the development of pottery and tapestries ,the form of art they practiced had a
huge impact on artist in modern times as many were inpired by the brush strokes ,some by
the pureness of colors. But to them it might just be a way of life. A tradition transcended
over by generations. In India till today such customs are followed, where art comes into
importance. During the festive seasons ,women make alpans and clay figures ,Dias have
been an inevitable part of Hindu customs and ritual for pooja, the idol worship ,Ganpati
pooja and Durga pooja idols are made and ceremonies are followed for a week and then
these huge sculptures are submerged in the water as a form of gesture of respect to the lord
of sea.

Indian culture has been very liberal since the very beginning. Where in if we take examples
of the explicit Khujarao temples which is a very profound example of erotic sculptures in
temples. Thus, with these we can very well draw references, that art helps us to relate to the
historical background of one’s country the environment at that time and the beliefs of that

Ajanta caves were built in a horse shoe shape and to think how advanced and developed they
were in their approach then stimulates one’s mind. These paintings relate to Lord Buddha and
his life. These caves were thus in places where there were trade roots nearby and was a form
of propagating religion. Myths have been an inbuilt part of a society; every place has their
own myths and norms. It was said that the Buddhists monks painted these caves as
commissioned by some king at that time. But at the same time it reveals a lot of stories and
tales that relate to the lives of lord Buddha in his past ages in a narrative form. Thus art, was
used as a medium of propagation, as a visual has a stronger impact. As it has a quality to
transport a person from its existing place to another place, a place the artist is dealing .In the
end it helps to transform a person.

The excavation of the Harappa site exposed a series of sculptures namely the ‘Dancing girl’
and the ‘Bearded man’, this proved to us how developed the society was at that time and how
far were they in the process of creating art. A lot was uncovered about the way they used to
lead their life. Art can never be kept apart from the society and be looked on as a mere tool to
derive pleasure, but it has more value to it than being limited to such a concept.

This gives us an insight to the lives of the people then and the animal that even have
been extinct now. Art is a way of documenting and freezing the time. These paintings are an
inspiration to many in the world. The significance of the oceanic and tribal art has a sound
connection to the art practices of the cave men in the pre-historic times. Many artists of
modern times like Picasso and Paul Gauguin have searched and found simplicity in these
images which relate to the inner spirituality and peace.

Art was used as a source to pay a tribute to the dead, if we look at the Egyptian art
Practises. Where they used to believe in the concept of life after death, and buried along with
them all the possession they would need during their journey after death. For this reason
they built pyramids as a burial place for the dead, they painted the inside of the pyramid with
scenes related to the daily life and ritual scenes. These were meant to help the spirit, who
could call them to life by incarnations, and so surround himself with hordes of servants to
provide for the necessities and enjoyments of life. They believed in if the body of the
deceased, would be mummified it will then never be destroyed. The soul could enter these
mummified bodies. Inside the Mastaba there was a false or imitation door for the ‘Ka ‘, through
which the soul could pass and fetch the offerings put there. Ref from (A history of fine arts in
India and the west- Edith Tomory)

In fact every different epoch in art had its own significance and it was due to the change in
the mindset of the people that further probed the thought of changing the art scenario. Thus,
the society and the thinking of the people have a deep impact on the treatment of an artistic

Byzantine art was more based on the propagating of Christianity, they used to make static
figures out of mosaic. Shadows and perspective was not a matter of importance to them
so every period is a thesis and an anti-thesis. A cycle that makes things move and this
process is called synthesis as by Meyer Schapiro .Then with renaissance started a period of
revival of Greek and roman art. It mainly focused on the factor of perfection in every
breath of the movement .

They wanted to create an art which seemed more than real and was very naturalistic,
it was thus a demand of the situation at that time as they believed in the fact that art practiced
before that period was static and no emphasis was reflected on the importance of utilizing
space ,chiaroscuro ,creating a depth so ,as an anti thesis for byzantine renaissance was the apt
thesis of that period .The art in the medieval period mainly focused on craftsmanship the
skills and the techniques, having been hired by the church and the kings to paint
commissioned works.
Thus is always attuned in with time and the occurrences in the society.

-Akanksha Khanna

Christopher Nolan is Directing ‘Dunkirk’


Christopher Nolan has an extra ordinary sense of storytelling and that makes him stand in the list of few great directors of this time. He started his career in late 90s, in his career up to now he creates such an amazing piece of cinema that includes The Dark Knight Trilogy, Inception, The prestige, Interstellar and more. The type of movies he made in his career are mostly Si-fi, he is now going to make a different type of film that is based on a real historical event of World War II.


I personally like Steven Spielberg’s way of making War based film, but equally enthralled for Nolan new endeavour, as he has a unique contemporary way of making a classic. Dunkirk will be released in 2017 and it’s based on the Operation dynamo which took place at the beginning of World War II, which saved the life of 330,000 British, French and Belgian Soldiers. Nolan is writing the screenplay and will produce with his wife Emma Thomas. Film will be shot on IMAX 65mm and 65mm. There is also a film called Dunkirk made in 1958 by Leslie Norman on the same operation.

Operation Dynamo is based after the name of the room in Dover cliffs where operation HQ was based. During the starting of World War II, in 1940 German armies trapped the British and French armies on the beaches around Dunkirk. Winston Churchill ordered to evacuate as many troop as possible back to Britain. The operation dynamo was formulated by Admiral Ramsay. Small boats were used to transfer troops from beaches to ship over the period of 8 to 9 day and with the help of 700 to 800 small boats they evacuated around 330,000 troops back to Britain.


www.public-domain-image.com (public domain image)

These days of inferred sadness

Wroth my heart ripped of love.

Anxiety leads nowhere,

Throttling suffocation chases memoir of,

distant dreams.

Reflections on the mirror,

Snap the relativity of existence.

As I lay upon my bed,

Chasing the stars of abandoned hope,

I looked upon the inside pool,

Discontent, Discontent and Discontent!!!!!

As I look beyond that field

Where concepts of sublime appeal,

A lyrical symphony soothes my soul

Alas Peace!!!!!!

As I cry ,sobs of struggling desires

Fall like seeds of destiny,

As I look beyond, my aching soul

I fumble upon stones of hope

But those stones you see

Are an illusion,those sobs you hear

Are like distant chimes,

But the reality lies in the loving heart,

That mends its self alive!!!

That mends its self alive!!!

akanksha khanna